Indigenous Peoples in Canada
The Radium Hot Springs Public Library would like to acknowledge that the land on which we gather and work is the traditional unceded territory of the Ktunaxa and Secwepemc peoples.
- Canada’s Indigenous Peoples include First Nations, Inuit, and Métis.
- Residential School System – The recent discovery of the remains of 215 children at the former Kamloops Residential School brings new awareness to our shared histories of the impact of the Residential School System to the Tk’emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation, and other First Nations across Canada.
- Find resources for support and information here.
- How can you support Tk’emlúps te Secwe̓pemc? This document offers some thoughtful suggestions from Tk’emlúps te Secwe̓pemc. This guide will help you begin your research and use library resources to learn more about the residential school system and its consequences.
- Reconciliation – See the entry here in the Canadian Encyclopedia.
- Decolonization and Indigenization – See here for a brief explanation (from Queen’s University – Centre for Teaching and Learning)
- Akisqnuk First Nation (Tah-Na-Ha)
- First Voices: Ktunaxa – explore the language and meanings.
- Shuswap Band
- First Voices: Secwepemc – explore the language and meanings.
History & Learning
- Online Courses (MOOC – Massive Open Online Courses offered free)
- Indigenous Canada (University of Alberta through Coursera open learning). Can register anytime. Course Description: From an Indigenous perspective, this course explores key issues facing Indigenous peoples today from a historical and critical perspective highlighting national and local Indigenous-settler relations. Topics for the 12 lessons include the fur trade and other exchange relationships, land claims and environmental impacts, legal systems and rights, political conflicts and alliances, Indigenous political activism, and contemporary Indigenous life, art and its expressions.
- Reconciliation through Indigenous Education (University of British Columbia) Will help you envision how Indigenous histories, perspectives, worldviews, and approaches to learning can be made part of the work we do in classrooms, organizations, communities, and our everyday experiences in ways that are thoughtful and respectful. Reconciliation emphasizes changing institutional structures, practices, and policies, as well as personal and professional ideologies to create environments that are committed to strengthening our relationships with Indigenous peoples.
- Indigenous (CBC Kids) – Facts, history, games and more.
- Indigenous heritage (Library and Archives Canada) – Library and Archives Canada (LAC) acquires, preserves, and provides access to published and archival heritage material that represents First Nations, Inuit and Métis Nation experiences and contributions to Canada. This includes text, photographs, maps, and audio-visual material. Explore the collection through our online databases, digitized documents and thematic guides.
- Indigenous History (Government of Canada) – virtual exhibitions, timelines and Canadian history.
- Indigenous Knowledge & Wisdom Centre (IKWC) – embodies the credible & authentic voice and inherent knowledge of its people while respecting the diverse cultures of First Nations in Alberta.
- Indigenous Peoples in Canada – (Canadian Encyclopedia) – provides background, includes an education guide, podcast information and links to further reading.
- Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada (Canadian Geographic) – provides images and article excerpts of the hardcover publications.
- Inuit – history, traditional values and regional descriptions.
- Inuit Cultural Online Resource – History and traditional life and culture of the Inuit.
- Metis History and Culture – publications, exhibits and links.
- Museum of Anthropology: University of British Columbia – Online exhibitions include: Squamish and Haida people, weavers in the First Nations community of Musqueam and the making of a Chilkat robe.
- Walking Together: First Nations, Métis and Inuit Perspectives in Curriculum (
Issues in Canada: Indian Act, TRC, MMIWG, UNDRIP
- – Many laws affecting Indigenous Peoples were combined in 1876 to become the Indian Act.
- B.C. Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation – Provincial treaty negotiations, interim agreements, the B.C. Treaty Commission, publications.
- The National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation – Permanent home for all statements, documents, and other materials gathered by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada.
- National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls
- United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples – Link to United Nations publication March 2008. Note that on 3 December 2020, Canada introduced Bill C-15 to implement the Declaration. Backgrounder.
Mapping and Traditional Territory Land
- Native Land – research on whose traditional territory your home or work is located.
- Whose Land? – Uses GIS technology to assist users in identifying Indigenous Nations, territories, and Indigenous communities across Canada. Learn about the territory your home or business is situated on, find information for a land acknowledgement, and learn about the treaties and agreements signed across Canada. Includes educational videos.
- Indigenous Tourism BC – Travel ideas, things to do, places to go, where to stay, plan your trip.
Understanding and Becoming an Ally
- Indigenous Ally Toolkit – created by NETWORK Montreal Indigenous Community
Words & Language – Guides for Writing, Libraries, etc.
- Indigenous Peoples: Language Guidelines (University of British Columbia) – Describes terminology to be used for respect and accuracy, and provides guidance on Acknowledgments in both oral and written communications.
- A Copy Editor’s Education in Indigenous Style (Tyee) – “Journalists’ word choices are shaped by colonialism. Here’s how The Tyee is changing that.”
- This Library Takes an Indigenous Approach to Categorizing Books – Article in Yes! Magazine Online discussing issues in classification of Indigenous materials, and how the X̱wi7x̱wa Library (pronounced whei-wha) at the University of British Columbia “is working to change that.”